Children and adolescents in particular are at risk.
Energy drinks containing caffeine, which are particularly popular among younger people, can cause serious health problems in children and adolescents when consumed excessively. The Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) recently issued a warning. In a report, the federal authority comes to the conclusion that acute moderate consumption of energy drinks by healthy young adults does not lead to undesirable effects if the caffeine intake does not exceed the limits that the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) classifies as being harmless. According to EFSA, children and adolescents should not consume more than a total of 3 milligrams (mg) of caffeine per kilogram (kg) of body weight per day.